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A guide to Visiting the Colosseum

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Date: 2014-04-18 10:42:37

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Author: Samuel Heenan

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Visiting the Colosseum - The Colosseum or Coliseum was originally known as the  Flavian Amphitheatre  is an oval shaped amphitheatre in the centre of Rome and is the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering. Standing at 187 feet high and with 80 entrances in ncient Roman times holding upto 80,000 spectators for the games.

Situated to the east of the Roman Forum, its construction started in 72 AD under the emperor Vespasian and was completed in 80 AD under Titus, with further modifications being made during Domitian's reign (81–96). The name "Amphitheatrum Flavium" derives from both Vespasian's and Titus's family name (Flavius, from the gens Flavia).
The Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology.

Although in the 21st century it stays partially ruined because of damage caused by devastating earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum is an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome. It is one of Rome's most popular tourist attractions and still has close connections with the Roman Catholic Church, as each Good Friday the Pope leads a torchlit "Way of the Cross" procession that starts in the area around the Colosseum.

Visiting the Colosseum - this great Ampitheatre definately has to right up there at the top of the list of things to see in Rome.

How to get to the Coloseum

It is extremely central in the city of Rome and has the Metro Line B (Colosseo) which stops right outside. Just few hundred yards from Piazza Venezia, and close to the Roman Forum. A taxi stop is also available right next to the monument. On the 30th July 2013 the City implemented a private traffic ban passing the Colosseum so now the only traffic to pass by are taxi's, public buses, pedestrians and cyclists bringing an end congestion and a definatley more peaceful visit down the Fori imperiali.

Public transport links:

  • "B" line Metro station Colosseo
  • "A" line Metro station Manzoni, then two stops of tram no. 3 going southwards
  • Bus lines 60, 75, 85, 87, 271, 571, 175, 186, 810, 850, C3, and the electric minibus 117.
  • Tramway line no 3.


The picture below shows the locations of the services inside and around.

Colosseum Service Map

CLOSED DATES

Closed January 1, 1 May and December 25

OPENING HOURS (ticket office closes one hour before closing time):
8:30 am - 4:30 pm from January 2 to February 15
8:30 am - 5 pm from February 16 to March 15
8:30 am - 5:30 pm from March 16 to last Saturday of March
8:30 am - 7:15 pm from last Sunday of March to August 31
8:30 am - 7 pm from September 1 to September 30
8:30 am - 6:30 pm from October 1 to last sunday of October
8:30 am - 4:30 pm from the last sunday of October to December 31

Extra-ordinary dates:

Good Friday 8:30 am - 2 pm   April 18 2014   &    June 2 -  1:30 pm - 7:15 pm

ADMISSIONS AND PRICES

The ticket includes Colosseum, Roman Forum and Palatine Hill and has a validity of 2 days in which you can enter each archaeological site once.

ADULTS € 12,00
REDUCED FEE € 7,50 for European Union members between 18 and 24 years old
FREE ENTRANCE for ALL persons under 18 and over 65 years old. -
(Minors under the age of 12 must be accompanied by an adult).

GUIDED TOURS

If you prefer to make your visit to the Colosseum with the aid of a tour guide you can take a 3 hour long Skip the line tour of the Colosseum visiting the Roman Forum and the Capitoline Hill: Prices for a group tour starting from 40,00 Euro's. 

WHAT TO SEE

The Colosseum

The exterior of the Roman Colosseum is made entirely of travertine, stretching 527 m around and four stories high. The arches of the second and third stories were originally filled with statues. There were 80 entrances, with the two principal ones reserved for the emperor and his entourage.

The interior is made of brick, tufa and marble; little of the marble survives today. The central area, the arena, was covered with a great wooden floor and canvas to make it waterproof. Over this was a layer of sand to absorb blood - in fact "arena" derives from the Latin word for sand. The floor is now exposed down to its underground passages, where beasts and gladiators awaited their fate, and crossed by a modern walkway.

The arena was surrounded by a 5m-high wall to protect spectators from attacks by wild beasts. At the top of the wall was the podium, on which the imperial party and other VIPs had their seats.

Near the site of the imperial box is a cross, which replaces an earlier one set up to commemorate the Christians who were believed to have been martyred here. Above this was the cavea, or seating area. This was divided into three tiers: the lowest for knights; the middle for wealthy citizens; and the top for the general population.  The base of the Colossus statue of Nero, after which the amphitheatre is named, can be seen between the Colosseum and the nearby Temple of Venus and Roma.

   

The Roman Forum

Among the ruins stand several triumphal arches. Their architecture has become so iconic that it has been imitated all over the world, including the famous one in Paris. Some buildings are still recognizable. One of the oldest is Basilica Aemilia. This huge marble hall provided shelter for various meetings but was destroyed in a fight with the Visigoths. Another important edifice was the Temple of Vesta, the Roman goddess of the hearth and home.

There was a school near the temple in Forum Romanum and opposite to it is the Temple of Romulus with its circular plan and large original metallic door. Constructed in the 7th century AD, the Column of Phocas is the youngest part of the forum. Other temples include the Temple of Saturn, the Temple of Vespasian and Titus, and the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina. Jewelry, sculptures and mosaics are displayed in the Antiquitarium.

   

 

The Palatine Hill

It is thought that Rome has its origins on the Palatine. The Palatine Hill is some 40 meters high with views of the Roman Forum on one side, and the Circus Maximus on the other. The site is now a large open-air museum which tourists can visit during the daytime. The Palatine became the place where the powerful and wealthy retreated to build their homes and relax. Among the ruins on the hill can be found, the Domus Flavia, the Domus Augustana, the Baths of Septimus Severus, and the House of Livia.

   

I hope this information helps you on your trip visiting the Colosseum.

 

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Guest Comments:

Christopher Lyons on 21/01/2014 at 17:53:50 wrote:

Thanks for the information, will be booking a tour - hope the weather is good!

Hi Chris, thanks for the comment hope it was helpful. We await your booking, regards sam

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